Hydrogen has been considered a distant dream energy source due to seemingly insurmountable hurdles to its safe and economical storage and transportation. What’s more, infrastructure to store and transport it would be needed to be built to universalize the use of hydrogen, just as the current infrastructure for petroleum and natural gas has been. The big news is that Chiyoda Corporation has overcome the hurdles and realized the dream in its development of a proprietary technology named SPERA Hydrogen for the storage of hydrogen for long periods of time and its transport over long distances at large scale, both at ambient temperature and pressure in a stable liquid form. What’s more, the conventional infrastructure, for petroleum and natural gas can be inexpensively repurposed to store and transport SPERA Hydrogen. This advantage substantially contributes to lowering capital expenditures in the transition to renewable energy sources.
The Paris Agreement, entered into force in November 2016, sets a long-term global goal for holding the increase in the global average temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and pursues efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In response to the Paris Agreement, the Japanese government set it own target of reducing greenhouse gas emission by 80% by 2050.
To achieve that goal, widespread use of renewable energy is essential. However the supply of renewable energy fluctuates with weather conditions. Yet, hydrogen converted from the power of renewable energy and stored and transported as SPERA Hydrogen will make it possible to stabilize the supply and support the adoption of renewable energy.
Meanwhile, the Japanese government is actively promoting hydrogen energy. The Strategic Roadmap for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells published by the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry in 2014 sets goals for the adoption of hydrogen., The strategic goals are first, to technologically demonstrate the feasibility of storing and transporting hydrogen from abroad by 2020, second, to introduce full-scale hydrogen generation by about 2030, and third, to realize full-fledged domestic use of carbon dioxide-free hydrogen generated by renewable energy by about 2040. Chiyoda is playing a significant role in building a hydrogen supply chain whose main purpose is hydrogen generation for utilization at hydrogen stations for FCVs and also distributed use as cogeneration systems at local levels.
The name SPERA derives from the Latin word for “hope”. Chiyoda Corporation chose the name to represent its desire for hydrogen technology to give people around the world the hope they need to build a better future.
In alignment with the government’s strategic road map, an international hydrogen supply chain comprising a hydrogenation plant in Negara Brunei Darussalam and a dehydrogenation plant in Kawasaki’s coastal region of Japan using Chiyoda’s SPERA Hydrogen technology will be constructed. In 2020, hydrogen procurement and hydrogenation will commence in Brunei. The SPERA Hydrogen produced there will be transported by conventional tankers to Kawasaki, Japan in liquid form at ambient temperature and pressure. Gaseous hydrogen will then be extracted from the liquid in Kawasaki and supplied as power generation fuel. This field demonstration, supported by New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), will be the world’s first international hydrogen supply chain. Thereafter, step-by-step, practical implementations will be carried out on a global scale.